It is the largest and famous home of Mountain Gorillas in Uganda. Bwindi Impenetrable Forest is home to half of the world’s mountain Gorillas. Currently, the forest hosts 14 habituated Gorilla groups namely: Mishaya gorilla group, Kahungye gorilla group, Nshongi Gorilla group, Nkuringo Gorilla group, Mubare gorilla family, Habinyanja Gorilla Group, Rushegura Gorilla Group, Bitukura Gorilla Group, Bushingye Gorilla family, Oruzogo gorilla group, Bweza gorilla group, Kyaguriro Gorilla Family plus the two newly habituated groups namely: Rushaho and Kihingi gorilla group.
Bwindi, one of the oldest tropical forests in Uganda, survived the platonic shift that shaped much of the surrounding areas and the Western Rift. It is impenetrable due to thick undergrowth and prop roots, among others, and it is one of the largest areas in East Africa where one can find Afro-Montane vegetation in what is considered lowland area. Bwindi Impenetrable Forest is considered a biodiversity hotspot and it is believed that it has the greatest number of tree species at this altitude in East Africa that can readily be seen as one enters the forest, and if you counted you would find more than 200 species of trees and over 100 kinds of Ferns, including the large tree-ferns. Bwindi Impenetrable Forest is one of the oldest forests in Uganda.
It should be noted that over 120 mammals are found in Bwindi Forest and they include: Forest elephant, Leopard, chimpanzees, rare species of monkeys, over 200 various butterflies and over 347 species of birds. Tourists can hike through the forest from one end to the other, can go birding, climb mountains, walk along refreshing streams, visit endless swamps, bamboo forests and have guided interactive cultural walks with the original people of the forest, the Batwa who have been here for thousands of years.